1、Stud bolt for use in high temperature and high pressure applications in refineries, chemical plants, pipelines, power plants, and other industries. Added Vanadium allows for operating temperatures higher than that of B7 stud bolts.
2、The specification for ASTM A193 covers alloy and stainless steel bolting for pressure vessels, valves, flanges, and fittings for high temperature or high pressure service, or other special purpose applications. The ASTM A193 specification covers bars, bolts, screws, studs, stud bolts, and wire. The material may be further processed by centerless grinding or by cold drawing.